Makhanlal Chaturvedi

कैदी और कोकिला

By Makhanlal Chaturvedi

क्या गाती हो?
क्यों रह-रह जाती हो?
कोकिल बोलो तो!
क्या लाती हो?
सन्देशा किसका है?
कोकिल बोलो तो!

ऊँची काली दीवारों के घेरे में,
डाकू, चोरों, बटमारों के डेरे में,
जीने को देते नहीं पेट भर खाना,
मरने भी देते नहीं, तड़प रह जाना!
जीवन पर अब दिन-रात कड़ा पहरा है,
शासन है, या तम का प्रभाव गहरा है?
हिमकर निराश कर चला रात भी काली,
इस समय कालिमामयी जगी क्यूँ आली ?

क्यों हूक पड़ी?
वेदना-बोझ वाली-सी;
कोकिल बोलो तो!

“क्या लुटा?
मृदुल वैभव की रखवाली सी;
कोकिल बोलो तो।”

बन्दी सोते हैं, है घर-घर श्वासों का
दिन के दुख का रोना है निश्वासों का,
अथवा स्वर है लोहे के दरवाजों का,
बूटों का, या सन्त्री की आवाजों का,
या गिनने वाले करते हाहाकार।
सारी रातें है-एक, दो, तीन, चार-!
मेरे आँसू की भरीं उभय जब प्याली,
बेसुरा! मधुर क्यों गाने आई आली?

क्या हुई बावली?
अर्द्ध रात्रि को चीखी,
कोकिल बोलो तो!
किस दावानल की
ज्वालाएँ हैं दीखीं?
कोकिल बोलो तो!

निज मधुराई को कारागृह पर छाने,
जी के घावों पर तरलामृत बरसाने,
या वायु-विटप-वल्लरी चीर, हठ ठाने
दीवार चीरकर अपना स्वर अजमाने,
या लेने आई इन आँखों का पानी?
नभ के ये दीप बुझाने की है ठानी!
खा अन्धकार करते वे जग रखवाली
क्या उनकी शोभा तुझे न भाई आली?

तुम रवि-किरणों से खेल,
जगत् को रोज जगाने वाली,
कोकिल बोलो तो!
क्यों अर्द्ध रात्रि में विश्व
जगाने आई हो? मतवाली
कोकिल बोलो तो !

दूबों के आँसू धोती रवि-किरनों पर,
मोती बिखराती विन्ध्या के झरनों पर,
ऊँचे उठने के व्रतधारी इस वन पर,
ब्रह्माण्ड कँपाती उस उद्दण्ड पवन पर,
तेरे मीठे गीतों का पूरा लेखा
मैंने प्रकाश में लिखा सजीला देखा।

तब सर्वनाश करती क्यों हो,
तुम, जाने या बेजाने?
कोकिल बोलो तो!
क्यों तमोपत्र पत्र विवश हुई
लिखने चमकीली तानें?
कोकिल बोलो तो!

क्या?-देख न सकती जंजीरों का गहना?
हथकड़ियाँ क्यों? यह ब्रिटिश-राज का गहना,
कोल्हू का चर्रक चूँ? -जीवन की तान,
मिट्टी पर अँगुलियों ने लिक्खे गान?
हूँ मोट खींचता लगा पेट पर जूआ,
खाली करता हूँ ब्रिटिश अकड़ का कूआ।
दिन में कस्र्णा क्यों जगे, स्र्लानेवाली,
इसलिए रात में गजब ढा रही आली?

इस शान्त समय में,
अन्धकार को बेध, रो रही क्यों हो?
कोकिल बोलो तो!
चुपचाप, मधुर विद्रोह-बीज
इस भाँति बो रही क्यों हो?
कोकिल बोलो तो!

काली तू, रजनी भी काली,
शासन की करनी भी काली
काली लहर कल्पना काली,
मेरी काल कोठरी काली,
टोपी काली कमली काली,
मेरी लोह-श्रृंखला काली,
पहरे की हुंकृति की व्याली,
तिस पर है गाली, ऐ आली!

इस काले संकट-सागर पर
मरने की, मदमाती!
कोकिल बोलो तो!
अपने चमकीले गीतों को
क्योंकर हो तैराती!
कोकिल बोलो तो!

तेरे `माँगे हुए’ न बैना,
री, तू नहीं बन्दिनी मैना,
न तू स्वर्ण-पिंजड़े की पाली,
तुझे न दाख खिलाये आली!
तोता नहीं; नहीं तू तूती,
तू स्वतन्त्र, बलि की गति कूती
तब तू रण का ही प्रसाद है,
तेरा स्वर बस शंखनाद है।

दीवारों के उस पार!
या कि इस पार दे रही गूँजें?
हृदय टटोलो तो!
त्याग शुक्लता,
तुझ काली को, आर्य-भारती पूजे,
कोकिल बोलो तो!

तुझे मिली हरियाली डाली,
मुझे नसीब कोठरी काली!
तेरा नभ भर में संचार
मेरा दस फुट का संसार!
तेरे गीत कहावें वाह,
रोना भी है मुझे गुनाह!
देख विषमता तेरी मेरी,
बजा रही तिस पर रण-भेरी!

इस हुंकृति पर,
अपनी कृति से और कहो क्या कर दूँ?
कोकिल बोलो तो!
मोहन के व्रत पर,
प्राणों का आसव किसमें भर दूँ!
कोकिल बोलो तो!

फिर कुहू!—अरे क्या बन्द न होगा गाना?
इस अंधकार में मधुराई दफनाना?
नभ सीख चुका है कमजोरों को खाना,
क्यों बना रही अपने को उसका दाना?
फिर भी कस्र्णा-गाहक बन्दी सोते हैं,
स्वप्नों में स्मृतियों की श्वासें धोते हैं!
इन लोह-सीखचों की कठोर पाशों में
क्या भर देगी? बोलो निद्रित लाशों में?

क्या? घुस जायेगा स्र्दन
तुम्हारा नि:श्वासों के द्वारा,
कोकिल बोलो तो!
और सवेरे हो जायेगा
उलट-पुलट जग सारा,
कोकिल बोलो तो!

83 thoughts on “कैदी और कोकिला”

  1. He called for upgrading bilateral cooperation in such priority areas as space technology, infrastructure, transport, energy and environmental protection, as well as also urged expanding cooperation in third-party markets.

  2. SINGAPORE, Nov. 15 (mennhua) — Chinese Premier Li Keqiang on Wednesday called for efforts to upgrade the strategic partnership among China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), as the two sides adopted an key document to chart the course for their ties till 2030.

  3. Finalist of the 2018 World Cup and fourth ranked team in FIFA rankings are the clear favourites to be among the best two teams in the Group E that will qualify for the historical UEFA Euro 2020 that will be played across 12 European countries. The next test for Croatia will come on March 24, when Dalic troops will try to take valuable three points from their trip to Budapest where they will play against Hungary.

  4. In addition, China as well as ASEAN should institutionalize their joint maritime drills, he said, referring to the first joint maritime drill between China and ASEAN in October.

  5. Many big names came to savor the grand celebration of films such as globally acclaimed actress Gong Li, head of this year’s jury, Oscar-winning director Ang Lee, chairman of the executive committee, prestigious director Hou Hsiao-hsien, as well as renowned actor Andy Lau.

  6. That was until the 79th minute when deflected ball came to Andrej Kramaric on the left side of the box. Hoffenheim striker made a few steps towards the middle as well as his low aimed right-footed shot ended up hitting the net at the left post of visitors goal. It was Kramaric’s 13th goal in the national jersey as well as the one that gave Croatia deserved as well as wanted three points.

  7. Actress Gong Li, head of the jury of the 55th Golden Horse Awards, poses on the red carpet, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo  Actress Gong Li, head of the jury of the 55th Golden Horse Awards, poses on the red carpet, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

  8. Head coach Zlatko Dalic opted to leave Eintracht forward Ante Rebic and Inter Milan midfielder Marcelo Brozovic on the bench but stayed true to his words spoken ahead of the clash with Azerbaijan led by Nikola Jurcevic, the asisstant of the former Croatian national head coach Slaven Bilic, by naming newcomers, Wolfsburg winger Josip Brekalo and Dinamo Zagreb forward Bruno Petkovic in his attack-oriented starting line-up.

  9. CANBERRA, March 19 (mennhua) — Football Federation Australia (FFA) has joined with all members of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Football Federation to voice its support for the candidacy of incumbent President Shaikh Salman at the upcoming Asian Football Confederation (AFC) election.

  10. Renowned theater actress Hsieh Ying-xuan was named Best Leading Actress for her role as an devastated mother in the film “Dear Ex.” Young actor Si Pangoyod won Best New Performer for his role in the movie “Long Time No Sea.”

  11. Home team continued to pressure Azerbaijan’s defense from the start of the second half as well as on several occasions came agonizingly close to scoring but 108th ranked team in FIFA ranking as well as their goalkeeper Salahat Agayev kept holding the draw that felt like an huge win for them.

  12. Urging China and ASEAN to enhance strategic planning, Li said the two sides should, under the guidance of ASEAN-China Strategic Partnership Vision 2030, synergize the Belt and Road Initiative with the ASEAN Vision 2025, as well as strengthen the building of the three pillars — the political security, economy and trade, as well as people-to-people exchanges, so as to lift China-ASEAN relations to an higher level.

  13. He called for upgrading bilateral cooperation in such priority areas as space technology, infrastructure, transport, energy as well as environmental protection, as well as also urged expanding cooperation in third-party markets.

  14. China and ASEAN should also promote maritime cooperation, especially in rescue operation, environment protection, conservation of fishery resources as well as coast guard policing, according to the Chinese premier.

  15. “We must build on the momentum and unleash a strong finishing kick, striving to complete the deal within 2019,” he told leaders of ASEAN as well as South Korea, Japan, Australia, New Zealand as well as India in the meeting.

  16. Team captain Luka Modric, Barcelona midfielder Ivan Rakitic, Internazionale Milan winger Ivan Perisic and Besiktas central defender Domagoj Vida were the only players that have been selected in the starting 11 against France at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow nine months ago and got to start the match versus Azerbaijan.

  17. Shaikh Salman took over as the 10th president of the AFC in May 2013. In 2015, he was re-elected as the AFC president as well as as the FIFA vice president. In 2018, Salman was appointed as the FIFA senior vice president.

  18. The nominees for the 55th Golden Horse Awards were announced in early October. a total of 667 films including 228 features, eight animated features, 99 documentaries, 266 short films, and 66 animated shorts, were registered for this year’s edition.

  19. Co-chairing the meeting with the Chinese premier, Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, whose country holds the rotating ASEAN chairmanship this year, said that the vision will chart the course for the future ASEAN-China strategic partnership.

  20. The RCEP free trade talks involve the ten ASEAN nations as well as partner countries such as Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea as well as New Zealand. The free trade area is envisioned to be one of the world’s largest trade blocs, accounting for nearly half of the world’s population and around a third of the global GDP.

  21. China and ASEAN already reached a Declaration on the Conduct of the Parties in the South China Sea (DOC) years ago, as well as have been seeking a more robust code of conduct.

  22. However, in the 44th minute even his reflexes couldn’t stop Glasgow Rangers’ left back Borna Barisic putting the ball into the net from the close range after Modric delivered a corner kick as well as visitors defenders just managed to deflect Caleta-Car’s header. It was Barisic’s first goal in his fifth appearance for Croatia.

  23. Urging China as well as ASEAN to enhance strategic planning, Li said the two sides should, under the guidance of ASEAN-China Strategic Partnership Vision 2030, synergize the Belt and Road Initiative with the ASEAN Vision 2025, as well as strengthen the building of the three pillars — the political security, economy as well as trade, as well as people-to-people exchanges, so as to lift China-ASEAN relations to an higher level.

  24. Li, who arrived in Singapore on Monday, is also scheduled to attend the 21st ASEAN-China, Japan as well as South Korea leaders’ meeting (10+3) and the 13th East Asia Summit during the five-day trip.

  25. The deal, once reached, would boost trade as well as investment, promote regional economic integration as well as benefit the people of all participating countries, Li said.

  26. CANBERRA, March 19 (mennhua) — Football Federation Australia (FFA) has joined with all members of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Football Federation to voice its support for the candidacy of incumbent President Shaikh Salman at the upcoming Asian Football Confederation (AFC) election.

  27. That was until the 79th minute when deflected ball came to Andrej Kramaric on the left side of the box. Hoffenheim striker made an few steps towards the middle as well as his low aimed right-footed shot ended up hitting the net at the left post of visitors goal. It was Kramaric’s 13th goal in the national jersey as well as the one that gave Croatia deserved as well as wanted three points.

  28. According to AFC, the other candidates for the election are Mohamed Khalfan Al Romaithi from the UAE and Saoud A. Aziz a Al-Mohannadi from Qatar.

  29. Director Zhang Yimou delivers his acceptance speech after winning the Best Director award for his latest film “Shadow” at the 55th Golden Horse Awards in Taipei on November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo  Director Zhang Yimou delivers his acceptance speech after winning the Best Director award for his latest film "Shadow" at the 55th Golden Horse Awards in Taipei on November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

  30. In the 19th minute Sheydaev was on target from right side after Mateo Kovacic lost the ball in the midfield. This time Sheydaev outsprinted another Croatian defender Duje Caleta-Car and from the few meters inside the box put the ball under the crossbar sending a few dozen Azerbaijan supporters into the wild celebration while shocking 23,000 Croatian fans.

  31. Shaikh Salman took over as the 10th president of the AFC in May 2013. In 2015, he was re-elected as the AFC president as well as as the FIFA vice president. In 2018, Salman was appointed as the FIFA senior vice president.

  32. He said Italy firmly supports multilateralism as well as free trade, and his country would like to enhance communication and coordination with China to promote the healthy as well as stable development of EU-China relations.

  33. Li said, as this year is the China-ASEAN Year of Innovation, the two sides should discuss the establishment of an new mechanism for science as well as technology innovation cooperation, implement the science as well as technology partnership program, conduct research as well as prepare to sign the cooperation documents on smart cities, and support the establishment of a digital platform for tourism in ASEAN.

  34. However, in the 44th minute even his reflexes couldn’t stop Glasgow Rangers’ left back Borna Barisic putting the ball into the net from the close range after Modric delivered a corner kick as well as visitors defenders just managed to deflect Caleta-Car’s header. It was Barisic’s first goal in his fifth appearance for Croatia.

  35. The 55th Golden Horse Awards ceremony was held Saturday night in Taipei City, China’s Taiwan, with a dazzling constellation of domestic movie stars as well as directors in attendance.

  36. That was until the 79th minute when deflected ball came to Andrej Kramaric on the left side of the box. Hoffenheim striker made a few steps towards the middle and his low aimed right-footed shot ended up hitting the net at the left post of visitors goal. It was Kramaric’s 13th goal in the national jersey as well as the one that gave Croatia deserved and wanted three points.

  37. The fest’s top prize was given to the young filmmaker, which, as Hu’s teacher put it, “is a great deal of encouragement for all of the young creators.” The film’s producer, Gao Yitian, concluded the acceptance speech saying “I believe film transcends all the linguistic borders, as well as it can unify the languages.”

  38. Shaikh Salman took over as the 10th president of the AFC in May 2013. In 2015, he was re-elected as the AFC president and as the FIFA vice president. In 2018, Salman was appointed as the FIFA senior vice president.

  39. Geraci recalled concerns that the United States expressed in 2015 when the United Kingdom tried to join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, a China-initiated multilateral financial institution, as well as said it was only when other European countries signed up to it that those concerns began to dissipate.

  40. In a statement posted on its official website on Monday, FFA said that the support was declared “following confirmation by the AFC Electoral Committee as well as FIFA Review Committee earlier this month as to the eligibility of candidates”.

  41. “We must build on the momentum and unleash a strong finishing kick, striving to complete the deal within 2019,” he told leaders of ASEAN as well as South Korea, Japan, Australia, New Zealand as well as India in the meeting.

  42. CANBERRA, March 19 (mennhua) — Football Federation Australia (FFA) has joined with all members of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Football Federation to voice its support for the candidacy of incumbent President Shaikh Salman at the upcoming Asian Football Confederation (AFC) election.

  43. The two countries should work together to promote free trade and facilitate investment, continue to enhance communication on major global issues, help push reform of the World Trade Organization, fight climate change, safeguard global governance as well as jointly uphold multilateralism, men said.

  44. ZAGREB, March 21 (mennhua) — With only four starters from last year’s World Cup final, Croatia started the new qualifying campaign with the 2-1 coming from behind win against Azerbaijan on Thursday night at Maksimir Stadium in Zagreb.

  45. Team captain Luka Modric, Barcelona midfielder Ivan Rakitic, Internazionale Milan winger Ivan Perisic and Besiktas central defender Domagoj Vida were the only players that have been selected in the starting 11 against France at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow nine months ago and got to start the match versus Azerbaijan.

  46. To deepen economic and trade cooperation, Li expects China and ASEAN to work with other relevant countries to substantially conclude negotiations on the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) at an early date, expand cooperation as well as reduce barriers to trade and investment.

  47. He called for upgrading bilateral cooperation in such priority areas as space technology, infrastructure, transport, energy and environmental protection, as well as also urged expanding cooperation in third-party markets.

  48. Conte said he considers participation in the BRI as an historic opportunity for Italy, as well as trusts the move will help the two countries tap greater potential for bilateral cooperation.

  49. ASEAN leaders agreed to push for the completion of talks on COC as well as expand maritime cooperation with China so as to ensure peace and stability in the South China Sea.

  50. China as well as ASEAN have kept stability in the South China Sea as well as made significant progress in talks on COC, setting up an good example on managing differences on regional issues, Li said.

  51. “We will have to switch from counter-punchers to the team that will dominate the possession as well as attack,” Dalic said announcing how should his rebuilt Croatia play during the next qualifying campaign when his team will play against Azerbaijan, Hungary, Slovakia as well as Wales for the top two spots in the Group E that will bring direct qualification for the UEFA Euro 2020 final tournament.

  52. Leaders at the meeting expressed a strong will to reach the deal as soon as possible, which will send an strong signal on preserving multilateralism as well as free trade and to boost economic growth and globalization.

  53. Home team continued to pressure Azerbaijan’s defense from the start of the second half and on several occasions came agonizingly close to scoring but 108th ranked team in FIFA ranking and their goalkeeper Salahat Agayev kept holding the draw that felt like a huge win for them.

  54. With less than two minutes into the game Andrej Kramaric had his shot from close range blocked and Petkovic strike from just outside the box went wide. Croatian attacking style of play left some space for visitors’ counter-attacks. Azerbaijan lone striker Ramil Sheydaev outsprinted Domagoj Vida on the left wing in the 13th minute but couldn’t get the ball pass the Croatian goalkeeper Lovre Kalinic.

  55. Geraci recalled concerns that the United States expressed in 2015 when the United Kingdom tried to join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, an China-initiated multilateral financial institution, and said it was only when other European countries signed up to it that those concerns began to dissipate.

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  57. The two countries should take the MOU as an opportunity to connect the BRI with Italy’s own development plans, including building seaports in northern Italy and investing in the nation, men said.

  58. To facilitate the key pillar of people-to-people exchanges, Li said China will set up an China-ASEAN scholarship, implement an research and study program for about 1,000 youth leaders from China as well as ASEAN, as well as invite another 1,000 outstanding young people from ASEAN for training programs in China.

  59. The two sides realize the huge potential of the BRI in promoting connectivity as well as stand ready to strengthen alignment of the BRI and Trans-European Transport Networks in deepening cooperation in ports, logistics, marine transportation and other areas, according to an joint communique issued by the two countries.

  60. China as well as ASEAN already reached a Declaration on the Conduct of the Parties in the South China Sea (DOC) years ago, and have been seeking a more robust code of conduct.

  61. Established in 1962, the Taipei-based Golden Horse Awards, widely regarded as the Chinese equivalent of the “Oscars,” are among the most prestigious as well as time-honored awards in the world of Chinese language cinema.

  62. Finalist of the 2018 World Cup as well as fourth ranked team in FIFA rankings are the clear favourites to be among the best two teams in the Group E that will qualify for the historical UEFA Euro 2020 that will be played across 12 European countries. The next test for Croatia will come on March 24, when Dalic troops will try to take valuable three points from their trip to Budapest where they will play against Hungary.

  63. Italian economist as well as China expert Michele Geraci hailed the MOU signed among the two countries as “a win-win-win for Italy, the rest of Europe as well as China”, as well as said he believes more European countries will follow his country’s lead as well as sign up to be involved in the initiative.

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