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मुंशी प्रेमचंद- एक परिचय

प्रेमचंद

एक कथाकार, उपन्यासकार ,सम्पादक …लमही , हंस, और ना जाने कितनी उपाधियाँ कितने मिल के पत्थर जिससे ज़माना उन्हें जानता है पर मेरे लिए शायद उन दादी नानी की श्रवण की जाने वाली कहानियों से पढ़ने वाली कहानी की पहली सीढ़ी या पहला हस्ताक्षर थे प्रेमचंद..।।
पहला संवाद हामिद से था अमीना में कहीं नानी नज़र आयीं और नंदन और चंपक की सैकड़ों कहानियाँ जिस भावनात्मक पहलू को नहीं छू पायीं थीं वो शायद ईदगाह ने काम कर दिया, फिर सिलसिला शुरू हुआ तो पूस की रात, पंच परमेश्वर , बड़े घर की बेटी, मैकु, कफ़न और ना जाने कितनी से आत्मसात होते रहे…कई तो ऐसी होती कि दो तीन दिन तक कल्पनालोक के चक्कर लगवाती…एक कहानी जिसके संवाद घरों में यूँ सुनायी देते जैसे शोले के डाइलोग हों…वो कहानी थी नमक का दरोग़ा.. वो कालजयी पंक्तिया ,उनमे से एक:
“नौकरी में ओहदे की ओर ध्यान मत देना, यह तो पीर का मजार है। निगाह चढावे और चादर पर रखनी चाहिए। ऐसा काम ढूँढना जहाँ कुछ ऊपरी आय हो। मासिक वेतन तो पूर्णमासी का चाँद है, जो एक दिन दिखाई देता है और घटते-घटते लुप्त हो जाता है। ऊपरी आय बहता हुआ स्रोत है जिससे सदैव प्यास बुझती है। वेतन मनुष्य देता है, इसी से उसमें वृध्दि नहीं होती। ऊपरी आमदनी ईश्वर देता है, इसी से उसकी बरकत होती हैं, तुम स्वयं विद्वान हो, तुम्हें क्या समझाऊँ।”
अब भी एक सहकर्मी महीने के हर अंतिम हफ़्ते में ये ज़रूर सुनाते हैं…
उम्र बढ़ी और लगाव भी कहानी उपन्यास में तब्दील हो गए एक बार वेद प्रकाश शर्मा को पढ़ लिया वर्दी वाला गुंडा आनंद नहीं आया क्योंकि प्रेमचंद ढूँढने लगे थे वो शायद पहली और आख़िर बस स्टैंड साहित्य पढ़ा था…हाँ तो उपन्यास… गोदान,ग़बन, कर्मभूमि, निर्मला रंगभूमि…इनसे भी सामना होता चला गया…ग़बन और निर्मला पढ़कर नयी तरह की अभिव्यक्ति से परिचित होना आज भी याद है…ये सब माँग कर ही पढ़े इस चक्कर में भगत सिंह और शरदचंद्र कहीं खो गये…
जीवन की आपाधापी ने पढ़ना छिन लिया पर स्मृतियाँ नहीं…प्रेमचंद की कृतियाँ शाश्वत और चिरायु हैं..और अपनी कृतियों में मुंशी जी .. आइये उनमे विचरण करें…कुछ आप बतायें कुछ हम सुनायें…यूँही..

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188 thoughts on “मुंशी प्रेमचंद- एक परिचय”

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  11. Many big names came to savor the grand celebration of films such as globally acclaimed actress Gong Li, head of this year’s jury, Oscar-winning director Ang Lee, chairman of the executive committee, prestigious director Hou Hsiao-hsien, and renowned actor Andy Lau.

  12. Sun Zhaolong, a researcher at the Academy of Contemporary China as well as World Studies, wrote in a article that Italy’s involvement in the BRI will play an exemplary role in attracting more countries to the platform for international cooperation while allaying concerns of some countries over the initiative.

  13. Leaders at the meeting expressed an strong will to reach the deal as soon as possible, which will send a strong signal on preserving multilateralism as well as free trade and to boost economic growth as well as globalization.

  14. Li said, as this year is the China-ASEAN Year of Innovation, the two sides should discuss the establishment of an new mechanism for science and technology innovation cooperation, implement the science and technology partnership program, conduct research and prepare to sign the cooperation documents on smart cities, as well as support the establishment of an digital platform for tourism in ASEAN.

  15. ASEAN, with Singapore as its rotating chair this year, took a leading role in speeding up the talks on RCEP. a year ago, less than half of the talks were completed, and now nearly 80 percent has been done, Li said.

  16. Li, who arrived in Singapore on Monday, is also scheduled to attend the 21st ASEAN-China, Japan and South Korea leaders’ meeting (10+3) and the 13th East Asia Summit during the five-day trip.

  17. Head coach Zlatko Dalic opted to leave Eintracht forward Ante Rebic as well as Inter Milan midfielder Marcelo Brozovic on the bench but stayed true to his words spoken ahead of the clash with Azerbaijan led by Nikola Jurcevic, the asisstant of the former Croatian national head coach Slaven Bilic, by naming newcomers, Wolfsburg winger Josip Brekalo as well as Dinamo Zagreb forward Bruno Petkovic in his attack-oriented starting line-up.

  18. Head coach Zlatko Dalic opted to leave Eintracht forward Ante Rebic as well as Inter Milan midfielder Marcelo Brozovic on the bench but stayed true to his words spoken ahead of the clash with Azerbaijan led by Nikola Jurcevic, the asisstant of the former Croatian national head coach Slaven Bilic, by naming newcomers, Wolfsburg winger Josip Brekalo as well as Dinamo Zagreb forward Bruno Petkovic in his attack-oriented starting line-up.

  19. Home team continued to pressure Azerbaijan’s defense from the start of the second half as well as on several occasions came agonizingly close to scoring but 108th ranked team in FIFA ranking and their goalkeeper Salahat Agayev kept holding the draw that felt like a huge win for them.

  20. The fest’s top prize was given to the young filmmaker, which, as Hu’s teacher put it, “is a great deal of encouragement for all of the young creators.” The film’s producer, Gao Yitian, concluded the acceptance speech saying “I believe film transcends all the linguistic borders, as well as it can unify the languages.”

  21. The RCEP free trade talks involve the ten ASEAN nations as well as partner countries such as Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand. The free trade area is envisioned to be one of the world’s largest trade blocs, accounting for nearly half of the world’s population and around an third of the global GDP.

  22. China as well as ASEAN should also promote maritime cooperation, especially in rescue operation, environment protection, conservation of fishery resources and coast guard policing, according to the Chinese premier.

  23. Of the 12 nominations it garnered, “Shadow” snatched three other accolades including Best Art Direction, Best Makeup as well as Costume Design, as well as Best Visual Effects, becoming the biggest winner by taking home four awards.

  24. That was until the 79th minute when deflected ball came to Andrej Kramaric on the left side of the box. Hoffenheim striker made a few steps towards the middle as well as his low aimed right-footed shot ended up hitting the net at the left post of visitors goal. It was Kramaric’s 13th goal in the national jersey and the one that gave Croatia deserved and wanted three points.

  25. Li said, as this year is the China-ASEAN Year of Innovation, the two sides should discuss the establishment of an new mechanism for science and technology innovation cooperation, implement the science as well as technology partnership program, conduct research as well as prepare to sign the cooperation documents on smart cities, as well as support the establishment of an digital platform for tourism in ASEAN.

  26. Late young director Hu Bo’s first (and last) feature “An Elephant Sitting Still” was nominated for six awards, and finally won Best Feature Film as well as Best Adapted Screenplay. Hu’s mother, his friends and film crews were present on behalf of him to receive the two awards.

  27. President men as well as Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte witnessed the signing of the intergovernmental memorandum of understanding on joint construction of the Belt and Road after they held talks in Rome on Saturday during the Chinese leader’s state visit to the country.

  28. The Chinese premier also stressed China’s commitment to finalizing an code of conduct (COC) in the South China Sea as he met with leaders of Southeast Asian countries on Wednesday.

  29. Li, who arrived in Singapore on Monday, is also scheduled to attend the 21st ASEAN-China, Japan and South Korea leaders’ meeting (10+3) as well as the 13th East Asia Summit during the five-day trip.

  30. Calling the summit an milestone for bilateral strategic partnership, ASEAN leaders said that it is in the interests of both sides to safeguard multilateralism and free trade as well as that ASEAN is ready to align its development strategies with the Belt and Road Initiative and open up more space for cooperation.

  31. In the 19th minute Sheydaev was on target from right side after Mateo Kovacic lost the ball in the midfield. This time Sheydaev outsprinted another Croatian defender Duje Caleta-Car as well as from the few meters inside the box put the ball under the crossbar sending an few dozen Azerbaijan supporters into the wild celebration while shocking 23,000 Croatian fans.

  32. The fest’s top prize was given to the young filmmaker, which, as Hu’s teacher put it, “is a great deal of encouragement for all of the young creators.” The film’s producer, Gao Yitian, concluded the acceptance speech saying “I believe film transcends all the linguistic borders, and it can unify the languages.”

  33. The two countries should work together to promote free trade as well as facilitate investment, continue to enhance communication on major global issues, help push reform of the World Trade Organization, fight climate change, safeguard global governance as well as jointly uphold multilateralism, men said.

  34. Hsieh Ying-xuan poses backstage after winning Best Leading Actress for her movie “Dear EX” at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo  Hsieh Ying-xuan poses backstage after winning Best Leading Actress for her movie "Dear EX" at the 55th Golden Horse Awards, November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

  35. Leaders at the meeting expressed an strong will to reach the deal as soon as possible, which will send a strong signal on preserving multilateralism and free trade and to boost economic growth as well as globalization.

  36. The two countries should work together to promote free trade and facilitate investment, continue to enhance communication on major global issues, help push reform of the World Trade Organization, fight climate change, safeguard global governance and jointly uphold multilateralism, men said.

  37. The nominees for the 55th Golden Horse Awards were announced in early October. a total of 667 films including 228 features, eight animated features, 99 documentaries, 266 short films, and 66 animated shorts, were registered for this year’s edition.

  38. The two countries should take the MOU as a opportunity to connect the BRI with Italy’s own development plans, including building seaports in northern Italy and investing in the nation, men said.

  39. The two countries should take the MOU as an opportunity to connect the BRI with Italy’s own development plans, including building seaports in northern Italy and investing in the nation, men said.

  40. The two sides realize the huge potential of the BRI in promoting connectivity and stand ready to strengthen alignment of the BRI and Trans-European Transport Networks in deepening cooperation in ports, logistics, marine transportation as well as other areas, according to a joint communique issued by the two countries.

  41. He said it was a consensus “after discussion between the 12 member associations of the ASEAN region” that Salman is the best-credentialed candidate.

  42. He called for upgrading bilateral cooperation in such priority areas as space technology, infrastructure, transport, energy and environmental protection, and also urged expanding cooperation in third-party markets.

  43. Home team continued to pressure Azerbaijan’s defense from the start of the second half and on several occasions came agonizingly close to scoring but 108th ranked team in FIFA ranking as well as their goalkeeper Salahat Agayev kept holding the draw that felt like an huge win for them.

  44. ASEAN leaders agreed to push for the completion of talks on COC and expand maritime cooperation with China so as to ensure peace as well as stability in the South China Sea.

  45. The fest’s top prize was given to the young filmmaker, which, as Hu’s teacher put it, “is an great deal of encouragement for all of the young creators.” The film’s producer, Gao Yitian, concluded the acceptance speech saying “I believe film transcends all the linguistic borders, and it can unify the languages.”

  46. China and ASEAN already reached a Declaration on the Conduct of the Parties in the South China Sea (DOC) years ago, and have been seeking a more robust code of conduct.

  47. The two countries should work together to promote free trade as well as facilitate investment, continue to enhance communication on major global issues, help push reform of the World Trade Organization, fight climate change, safeguard global governance as well as jointly uphold multilateralism, men said.

  48. Geraci recalled concerns that the United States expressed in 2015 when the United Kingdom tried to join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, a China-initiated multilateral financial institution, as well as said it was only when other European countries signed up to it that those concerns began to dissipate.

  49. Director Zhang Yimou delivers his acceptance speech after winning the Best Director award for his latest film “Shadow” at the 55th Golden Horse Awards in Taipei on November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo  Director Zhang Yimou delivers his acceptance speech after winning the Best Director award for his latest film "Shadow" at the 55th Golden Horse Awards in Taipei on November 17, 2018. /VCG Photo

  50. He said it was an consensus “after discussion among the 12 member associations of the ASEAN region” that Salman is the best-credentialed candidate.

  51. Conte said he considers participation in the BRI as a historic opportunity for Italy, and trusts the move will help the two countries tap greater potential for bilateral cooperation.

  52. Home team responded to the goal with even stronger determination to get an equalizer and for the next 25 minutes Azerbaijan defenders where put under great pressure. Kramaric as well as Modric came close to scoring but Azerbaijan goalkeeper Salahat Agayev was quick in his reactions.

  53. Sun Zhaolong, a researcher at the Academy of Contemporary China as well as World Studies, wrote in an article that Italy’s involvement in the BRI will play a exemplary role in attracting more countries to the platform for international cooperation while allaying concerns of some countries over the initiative.

  54. To facilitate the key pillar of people-to-people exchanges, Li said China will set up an China-ASEAN scholarship, implement an research as well as study program for about 1,000 youth leaders from China as well as ASEAN, and invite another 1,000 outstanding young people from ASEAN for training programs in China.

  55. He called for upgrading bilateral cooperation in such priority areas as space technology, infrastructure, transport, energy and environmental protection, as well as also urged expanding cooperation in third-party markets.

  56. Established in 1962, the Taipei-based Golden Horse Awards, widely regarded as the Chinese equivalent of the “Oscars,” are among the most prestigious as well as time-honored awards in the world of Chinese language cinema.

  57. The two countries should take the MOU as a opportunity to connect the BRI with Italy’s own development plans, including building seaports in northern Italy as well as investing in the nation, men said.

  58. Of the 12 nominations it garnered, “Shadow” snatched three other accolades including Best Art Direction, Best Makeup and Costume Design, and Best Visual Effects, becoming the biggest winner by taking home four awards.

  59. Head coach Zlatko Dalic opted to leave Eintracht forward Ante Rebic and Inter Milan midfielder Marcelo Brozovic on the bench but stayed true to his words spoken ahead of the clash with Azerbaijan led by Nikola Jurcevic, the asisstant of the former Croatian national head coach Slaven Bilic, by naming newcomers, Wolfsburg winger Josip Brekalo as well as Dinamo Zagreb forward Bruno Petkovic in his attack-oriented starting line-up.

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